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What makes a good CPC Practice Exam? Questions and Answers with Full Rationale

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2016 CPC Practice Exam Answer Key 150 Questions With Full Rationale (HCPCS, ICD-9-CM, ICD-10, CPT Codes) Click here for more sample CPC practice exam questions with Full Rationale Answers

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Click here for more sample CPC practice exam questions and answers with full rationale

All You Need to Know About Medical Translation

The following are the most frequently asked questions about medical translation and our own attempt at providing the answers to these questions:

Who does the medical translation?

Translation agencies that specialize in medical translation have their own team of qualified translators, specifically doctors, nurses, medical technologists, and pharmacists who have expert knowledge of the languages they are working on. The most frequently translated languages in the medical field are: German, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Swedish, Japanese, Korean, and Chinese. Because this is a more specific and technical type of translation, medical translation is always done under the guidance of an expert supervisor and always includes references.

What is it done for?

Hospitals, pharmacies, and medical advertising agencies require medical translation services, especially those that are expanding into the medical tourism industry. Manufacturers of medical equipment are also now required by national governments to translate their packaging, labels, and how-to manuals into the language of the foreign country they are catering to. Also, in international medical conferences, which are attended by experts in various medical disciplines from all over the world, scientific papers have to be translated into different languages to allow every participant to understand the research in his own native language.

What medical documents are usually translated?

All sorts of scientific documents are processed by medical translation agencies. This does not only include packaging, labels, instruction books, but also a wide range of documents such as medical brochures, user guides for medical staff, instruction manuals for patients, patient reports, clinical studies, medical charts, drug prescriptions, medical multimedia applications, medical questionnaires, psychology papers, hospital discharge summaries, insurance claims, research protocols, general medical documents, and other documents containing medical terminologies.

What is the process of medical translation?

A translation agency oversees the process of translating a medical document, usually dividing the process into different steps that are taken care of by different individuals. These steps consist of the following:

Extraction. Reading or listening to and understanding the text as it is initially recorded.

Translation. Interpreting the text in its source language and rewriting it in the target language.

Editing. Extracting and translating the original text by another person. This is done to get a second (or even third or fourth) opinion on the meaning of the text and to make sure that quality is at its best.

Publishing. Recording the text in its original format (i.e. text document, Web page, e-learning software, etc.)

Proofreading. Checking the medical translation for discrepancies in formatting.

Native Review. Evaluation of the translated material by a medical expert who speaks and understands the target language.

How is quality ensured?

Research is an important component of medical translation. This does not only consist of medical research, but also an intensive looking into the grammar and vocabulary of the target language. This is often the most challenging portion of translating medical documents. The initial draft, which is usually kept confidential until an expert ensures its quality, is then evaluated and improved by other translators before it is again placed under the scrutiny of an expert supervisor followed by a medical expert who is also a native speaker of the target language.

Charlene Lacandazo is a marketing executive for Rosetta Translation, a leading full-service translation agency in London, UK. Rosetta Translation specialises in medical translation, as well as interpreting services worldwide.

Medical Internships: Things to Learn and Know

The learning period in one’s life never ends. This is also the reason that after twelve years of learning in a school, 4 rigorous years of study in a college and 4 laborious years in any medical school, one still requires to learn a lot. What is the reason behind this? Well, the school years offer us just the foundation. Thereafter, one requires learning about vital information and requisite skills to use upon workplace medical training. This is after which one can start his/her medical career as a licensed practitioner.


Medical internships actually bridge the gap between schooling and a career as a licensed physician. These internships last for one year. A medical internship can also be referred to as a period where a student is given hospital-based training that takes place under the strict supervision of experienced attending physicians. The internship is designed in a fashion to transform a college student into a serious medical practitioner. This practitioner is equipped with vital knowledge about daily requirements, workload and pressures related to a physician’s job.


Interns are trained via exposure to a wide variety of conditions. An intern is supposed to see different patients. The more they get in touch with patients, the more they become knowledgeable and experienced. They also become capable of handling different health conditions and diseases. They also acquire proficiency at both diagnosis and taking prudent decisions about a specific.


Attending important lectures and conferences is crucial fro a student during medical internship. The information gained in these conferences can help them in their workplace in the future.


Mainly there are two types of medical internships:

Transitional internship
Specialty track internship


Transitional is a straightforward internship process. The successful completion of this internship in conjunction with stage three of the USMLE or COMLEX-USA allows a licensed medical practitioner to work in a general capacity.


Chris has written this article and he likes to write and share articles on topics like medical internships


5 Things You Didn’t Know About Medical Billers and Coders in Teaching Hospitals

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Medical billers and coders are responsible for translating details in patients’ records to insurance companies for gaining proper reimbursement. Every healthcare organization depends on medical coding and billing staff to remain profitable. Yet teaching hospitals are one of the leading employers of HIT professionals. In general, teaching hospitals are nonprofit medical centers affiliated with a university to train clinicians. They provide round-the-clock care in various specialties, from pediatrics to neurology and cardiac care. Interns and residents treat patients under close supervision from attending physicians. For medical coding and billing graduates, working for a teaching hospital can provide both rewards and challenges. Read on to learn five things you should know about medical billers and coders in teaching hospitals.

1. Medical Coding and Billing Jobs Abound in Teaching Hospitals

The American Hospital Association reports that there are 5,627 registered U.S. hospitals total. Of these, 1,038 are teaching hospitals with high patient numbers. Some of the best are Yale-New Haven Hospital, NYU Langone Medical Center, and Johns Hopkins Hospital. Teaching hospitals employ more than 2.7 million healthcare professionals nationwide. It’s no surprise that medical billers and coders find less competition for jobs in teaching hospitals. After all, university-affiliated hospitals house 82 percent of the country’s ACS-designated Level I trauma centers. Teaching hospitals need large medical records management offices to protect inpatient and outpatient data. Medical coding and billing specialists can expect jobs in teaching hospitals to multiply because the field projects 10-year job growth at 15 percent.

2. Teaching Hospitals Provide Higher Salaries to Medical Coders and Billers

In comparison to several other healthcare settings, teaching hospitals grant above-average salaries to their medical billing and coding staff. According to the AAPC 2015 Salary Survey, medical billers and coders make $ 50,925 on average at inpatient teaching hospitals. That’s more than the $ 44,870 at mid-sized medical groups and $ 45,722 at independent physician offices. Teaching hospitals on the Pacific Coast from Hawaii to Washington report the highest medical coding and billing salaries nationwide at $ 57,021. Landing a job at a teaching hospital can considerably pad your paycheck, especially if overtime is offered. Due to their large size, teaching hospitals are also more likely to hire clinical coding directors with lucrative salaries.

3. Medical Billers and Coders Benefit from Learning Support

Teaching hospitals offer an academic-focused work environment where cutting-edge education and research is prioritized. Medical coding and billing jobs may require less post-graduation employment experience because on-the-job training is included. Teaching hospitals encourage staff to sharpen their skills with continuing education. For instance, Rush University Medical Center provides full-time employees with $ 5,000 in tuition assistance each year. This makes attending college online or during evenings more affordable. Medical coders and billers in teaching hospitals also join an active research community. Teaching hospitals receive approximately $ 2.2 billion in NIH research funding annually. Therefore, the HIM department will continually search for the latest tech advancements to streamline medical coding and billing.

4. Teaching Hospitals Require Extra Vigilance in Medical Coding and Billing

Being careful and attaining high accuracy is important for every medical coder. But those employed in teaching hospitals often have extra responsibility in checking over patient records. Teaching hospitals always experience new rotations of interns and residents who are unfamiliar with record protocols. New waves of med school students can mean patient records accessed by coders and billers are less orderly. One study found 10 percent reduced mortality risk at teaching hospitals, so they don’t compromise quality of care. However, clinical documentation can get muddled in the process. Teaching hospitals may hire experienced coders and billers to conduct medical auditing. Pursuing the AAPC’s Certified Professional Medical Auditor (CPMA) credential would come in handy here.

5. Medical Coders and Billers Frequently Process Larger Claims in Teaching Hospitals

Teaching hospitals typically charge more for medical services because they treat higher acuity patients with complex conditions. Funds are also included for the hospital’s research and academic instruction. For example, George Washington University Hospital charges $ 69,000 on average for lower joint replacement. Sibley Memorial Hospital, a nearby community hospital, charged under $ 30,000 in comparison. Medical coders and billers must be prepared to figure the dollar signs with higher hospital rates. Considerable time will be devoted to coding for diagnostic tests because teaching hospitals order 7.1 percent more tests than their non-academic counterparts. Medical billing specialists should be aware that teaching hospitals are largely urban and accommodate vast numbers of Medicaid or uninsured patients.

Related Links

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Medical Errors – What You Need To Know

Errors are inevitable in life. However, these can be avoided and prevented. Definitely, no one wants to experience the consequences of mistakes, most especially those that have significant implications such as medical errors.

Medical errors happen when anything that was planned does not progress as it should. These can happen anywhere in the health care system such as in clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, patients’ homes, doctors’ offices, and outpatient surgery centers. Moreover, these can involve diagnosis, laboratory reports, medicines, equipment, and even surgery. As such, these can practically happen to anyone, at anytime, and anywhere.

However, there are some precautionary measures that can be observed in order to prevent these from happening. Medical errors are not so easy to correct because these entail significant outcomes and results. In fact, these can even lead to injury and death. Thus, because of the degree of the seriousness of the consequences of medical discrepancies, purchasers of group health care, physicians, health care providers, government agencies, and medical practitioners are working together to ensure a safer health care system for everyone.

On the other hand, there are some instances when you are just on your own, and you need to protect yourself against medical discrepancies. Moreover, it is most important to be aware of these things in order to know how to appropriately react when confronted with such situations.

One of the most practical ways of protecting yourself from these discrepancies is by becoming an active member of your health care team. According to research, people who are involved in their health care are more likely to achieve better results. After all, the more involved you get, the more informed you become.

By being active in your health care team, you can interact with your doctors and health care providers constantly and keep records updated. It is important to make sure that your doctor knows about everything that you are taking; whether these are prescription medicines, dietary supplements, herbs, and vitamins. Moreover, it is also necessary to inform your doctor about allergies and adverse reactions that you may have on particular medicines. You also need to provide all health professionals that are involved all the necessary information about you.

One of the causes of medical errors sometimes is incorrect or incomplete information. Thus, in order to protect yourself from such, you should give the correct and complete health information that medical practitioners may need from you. It also pays to ask questions from time to time, most especially on the type of medicine that you are being prescribed of, or the type of medical procedure that you might be advised to undergo.

In addition, reliable and efficient medical supplies are also solutions to medical discrepancies. You may not totally agree to this, but most cases of inappropriate diagnosis are attributed to faulty medical equipment and devices. While these should be the lookout of medical practitioners too, it is also very important to ensure that equipment and apparatus are functioning properly, and are giving the correct information.

Basically, all these ways of protecting yourself against medical errors boil down to being aware and keeping others informed. With the proper information and communication, these can be minimized, and eventually eliminated.

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Know the Difference Between Medicare and Medicaid NCCI Edits

Follow the correct edit to promote payment and avoid denial. By Samantha Prince, BSHCM, COC, CPC, CPMA National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) edits for Medicare and Medicaid are not the same. If you’re following Medicare edits for Medicaid claims, you may have claims denying inappropriately. That’s missed revenue you could capture by applying the correct […]
AAPC Knowledge Center

Exceptions and Exemptions from MIPS Reporting for 2017: What Radiologists Need to Know

In the August 4, 2017 edition of its Advocacy in Action eNews the American College of Radiology (ACR) reported on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announcement regarding the manual application process for a significant hardship exception under the Advancing Care Information (ACI) category of MIPS

Radiology Billing and Coding Blog

Exceptions and Exemptions from MIPS Reporting for 2017: What Radiologists Need to Know

In the August 4, 2017 edition of its Advocacy in Action eNews the American College of Radiology (ACR) reported on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) announcement regarding the manual application process for a significant hardship exception under the Advancing Care Information (ACI) category of MIPS

Radiology Billing and Coding Blog