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2016 CPC Practice Exam Answer Key 150 Questions With Full Rationale (HCPCS, ICD-9-CM, ICD-10, CPT Codes) Click here for more sample CPC practice exam questions with Full Rationale Answers

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Click here for more sample CPC practice exam questions and answers with full rationale

Medical Malpractice New York – Know the Facts!

The word Medical malpractice means failure of medical professionals to provide appropriate treatment or assistance to patients. The activity can be fatal in many cases, Medical malpractice occurs when a doctor, nurse, dentist or other medical healthcare worker performs his or her duties under negligence .This can be described in other term as an act of seer negligence in which the victim or the patient is affect negatively. These affect can be physical or mental and can influence the victim throughout his life.

Since 1970’s medical malpractice has been a controversial social malpractice issue due to non availability proper lawsuit. In recent decades, there has been a considerable development in field of medical malpractice cases due to awareness among general public and creation of New Laws. In New York particularly there has been a rise in the numbers of suit filed against the offenders and most of them were judged in favor of the victims.

If you are a resident of New York and you have faced any similar situation in past or in recent times, then you can take assistance of the medical Malpractice New York lawyers. It is highly recommended to hire experienced malpractice lawyer in case you are a victim. We should note that the most common medical Malpractice cases occurs when doctors usually do perform his duty to the recommended level or in general term we can say that it is performed under act of negligence. The other common cases of misdiagnosis occur when costly medical test result is overlooked or wrongly judged. For example, incorrect recommendation of prescribed drugs to the victim is one such instance. There can be many factors for medical professionals to execute such an error however most of them are due to human negligence. Under these conditions, it is easy to understand how so many fatal and injurious mistakes and errors occur in New York City.

We should always ensure that we take professionals help before filing a case against the offender. These help can be taken from experienced malpractice lawyer and to hire the malpractice lawyer one can take assistance from internet or local publication. The lawyers are nowadays easily available in New York City. The general citizens of the New York City are protected by highly victim centric laws. These laws are shaped keeping history of the victim in view and also the affect of the malpractice in long run. Other factor includes the effect of human error on the victim and his or her family. Some of the malpractice symptoms can be seen in the latter stage of life. The medical malpractice New York laws are intended keeping these factors in mind. So we can conclude to the point that regardless of the fact whether these affects of malpractice are spontaneous or not, the victim is certain to get suitable verdict in his favor. Generally, the victim of malpractice is eligible for monetary compensation; however the compensation amount may vary from case to case.

George Turner gives advice to clients who are looking for attorneys to handle injury related cases. To know more about the services of medical malpractice, medical malpractice lawyer new york, medical malpractice lawyers new york, medical malpractice law firm, personal injury New York, medical malpractice New York visit : .

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Medical Tourism – Know the Risks and Protect Yourself Before You Go

People regularly go overseas for healthcare to save themselves money and cut waiting times. However, there are some dangers inherent in having surgery carried out overseas and it’s worth investigating them before taking the plunge.

Things like organ operations can be secured for as much as 50% of the cost of the same procedure back in the west, and minus the long and annoying waiting lists intrinsic to the majority of western countries.

Research shows that many American citizens go overseas every year for kidney transplants. However, surveys show that people who go overseas for this kind of operation can risk greater chances of complications like infection or acute rejection, and the level of these complications is accentuated by being a medical tourist.

A piece of research from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) showed that kidney rejection happens in up to 30% of medical tourists who undergo transplant operations abroad while just 12% of people who had operations at UCLA had kidney rejection.

The Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology reports that the most common destinations for kidney transplants via medical tourism are China (18%), Iran (12%), the Philippines (9%), India, Pakistan, Peru, Egypt, Turkey, Mexico and Thailand (3%).

However, with that in mind, the motives for becoming a medical tourist or a transplant tourist are pretty convincing. The USA has just 10,000 kidney transplant operations carried out per year, but the country has around 70,000 patients who need a new kidney. The average waiting list is around five years. Remaining on dialysis for this period is something most patients would do anything to avoid.

Some people consider it simpler and undoubtedly cheaper to seek out a transplant overseas, risking the possibility that the donor was a prisoner, deceased or otherwise.

Things to think about when considering overseas surgery:

Pick a reputable hospital or clinic
Investigate the surgeon’s qualifications and experience
Investigate the credentials of the medical board which certified the surgeon
Find out if the surgeon can speak English
Request an in-person consultation with the surgeon ahead of the operation
See what post-op care is offered
Be informed of what to in the event of complications on return home
Don’t judge on just price

Seek Advice First

Before you go ahead and book an operation overseas it’s worth speaking to a surgeon in your own country. A domestic doctor might well advise you against a procedure. If you find you require a procedure then you must talk about any likely risks and dangers inherent in the process.

If you do plump for overseas operations, it’s worth meeting your surgeon in person before you go ahead with the procedure. Check that you accept his post-op plan, and ask him about his training, experience and credentials to give yourself peace of mind.


You might end up not getting what you really wanted. If you find that the operation you have abroad leaves you dissatisfied, then the surgeon won’t be there to talk to when you get back home.

People who have cosmetic surgery overseas can find that the results are not up to the level they hoped for. This means that they could then have to fork out additional money to have the work put right.


This should be one additional main worry for potential medical tourism patients – picking a facility which is regulated and subject to scrutiny is a definite. Being a medical tourist, you’ll most likely not see the hospital ahead of your surgery, and by then it might be too late to turn back.


In thinking about how much the procedure will cost it’s worth considering what you get for your money. Surgery overseas might be cheap but people can risk missing out on vital aftercare, making the trip not cost-effective. Don’t forget your health is invaluable.

Post-Op Care

A major worry for people who want surgery overseas is post-op care. For example, anyone having a gastric band fitted in the UK will get years of post-op care which medical tourism cannot offer.

People who have operations privately around the world don’t get much by way of aftercare or post-op looking after, even though this is an important part of the procedure. There are lots of examples of people heading home only to find that they then experience complications that require further care.

Having no aftercare or post-op support can mean long-term problems so it’s worth checking out what kind of post-op care you actually need to make the best possible recovery.

Discover Medical Tourism is a free information site for patients to research and learn about medical tourism and dental tourism. Covering most of the major countries specializing in medical, health and dental tourism.

All You Need to Know About Medical Translation

The following are the most frequently asked questions about medical translation and our own attempt at providing the answers to these questions:

Who does the medical translation?

Translation agencies that specialize in medical translation have their own team of qualified translators, specifically doctors, nurses, medical technologists, and pharmacists who have expert knowledge of the languages they are working on. The most frequently translated languages in the medical field are: German, French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, Polish, Swedish, Japanese, Korean, and Chinese. Because this is a more specific and technical type of translation, medical translation is always done under the guidance of an expert supervisor and always includes references.

What is it done for?

Hospitals, pharmacies, and medical advertising agencies require medical translation services, especially those that are expanding into the medical tourism industry. Manufacturers of medical equipment are also now required by national governments to translate their packaging, labels, and how-to manuals into the language of the foreign country they are catering to. Also, in international medical conferences, which are attended by experts in various medical disciplines from all over the world, scientific papers have to be translated into different languages to allow every participant to understand the research in his own native language.

What medical documents are usually translated?

All sorts of scientific documents are processed by medical translation agencies. This does not only include packaging, labels, instruction books, but also a wide range of documents such as medical brochures, user guides for medical staff, instruction manuals for patients, patient reports, clinical studies, medical charts, drug prescriptions, medical multimedia applications, medical questionnaires, psychology papers, hospital discharge summaries, insurance claims, research protocols, general medical documents, and other documents containing medical terminologies.

What is the process of medical translation?

A translation agency oversees the process of translating a medical document, usually dividing the process into different steps that are taken care of by different individuals. These steps consist of the following:

Extraction. Reading or listening to and understanding the text as it is initially recorded.

Translation. Interpreting the text in its source language and rewriting it in the target language.

Editing. Extracting and translating the original text by another person. This is done to get a second (or even third or fourth) opinion on the meaning of the text and to make sure that quality is at its best.

Publishing. Recording the text in its original format (i.e. text document, Web page, e-learning software, etc.)

Proofreading. Checking the medical translation for discrepancies in formatting.

Native Review. Evaluation of the translated material by a medical expert who speaks and understands the target language.

How is quality ensured?

Research is an important component of medical translation. This does not only consist of medical research, but also an intensive looking into the grammar and vocabulary of the target language. This is often the most challenging portion of translating medical documents. The initial draft, which is usually kept confidential until an expert ensures its quality, is then evaluated and improved by other translators before it is again placed under the scrutiny of an expert supervisor followed by a medical expert who is also a native speaker of the target language.

Charlene Lacandazo is a marketing executive for Rosetta Translation, a leading full-service translation agency in London, UK. Rosetta Translation specialises in medical translation, as well as interpreting services worldwide.

Medical Internships: Things to Learn and Know

The learning period in one’s life never ends. This is also the reason that after twelve years of learning in a school, 4 rigorous years of study in a college and 4 laborious years in any medical school, one still requires to learn a lot. What is the reason behind this? Well, the school years offer us just the foundation. Thereafter, one requires learning about vital information and requisite skills to use upon workplace medical training. This is after which one can start his/her medical career as a licensed practitioner.


Medical internships actually bridge the gap between schooling and a career as a licensed physician. These internships last for one year. A medical internship can also be referred to as a period where a student is given hospital-based training that takes place under the strict supervision of experienced attending physicians. The internship is designed in a fashion to transform a college student into a serious medical practitioner. This practitioner is equipped with vital knowledge about daily requirements, workload and pressures related to a physician’s job.


Interns are trained via exposure to a wide variety of conditions. An intern is supposed to see different patients. The more they get in touch with patients, the more they become knowledgeable and experienced. They also become capable of handling different health conditions and diseases. They also acquire proficiency at both diagnosis and taking prudent decisions about a specific.


Attending important lectures and conferences is crucial fro a student during medical internship. The information gained in these conferences can help them in their workplace in the future.


Mainly there are two types of medical internships:

Transitional internship
Specialty track internship


Transitional is a straightforward internship process. The successful completion of this internship in conjunction with stage three of the USMLE or COMLEX-USA allows a licensed medical practitioner to work in a general capacity.


Chris has written this article and he likes to write and share articles on topics like medical internships


5 Things You Didn’t Know About Medical Billers and Coders in Teaching Hospitals

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Medical billers and coders are responsible for translating details in patients’ records to insurance companies for gaining proper reimbursement. Every healthcare organization depends on medical coding and billing staff to remain profitable. Yet teaching hospitals are one of the leading employers of HIT professionals. In general, teaching hospitals are nonprofit medical centers affiliated with a university to train clinicians. They provide round-the-clock care in various specialties, from pediatrics to neurology and cardiac care. Interns and residents treat patients under close supervision from attending physicians. For medical coding and billing graduates, working for a teaching hospital can provide both rewards and challenges. Read on to learn five things you should know about medical billers and coders in teaching hospitals.

1. Medical Coding and Billing Jobs Abound in Teaching Hospitals

The American Hospital Association reports that there are 5,627 registered U.S. hospitals total. Of these, 1,038 are teaching hospitals with high patient numbers. Some of the best are Yale-New Haven Hospital, NYU Langone Medical Center, and Johns Hopkins Hospital. Teaching hospitals employ more than 2.7 million healthcare professionals nationwide. It’s no surprise that medical billers and coders find less competition for jobs in teaching hospitals. After all, university-affiliated hospitals house 82 percent of the country’s ACS-designated Level I trauma centers. Teaching hospitals need large medical records management offices to protect inpatient and outpatient data. Medical coding and billing specialists can expect jobs in teaching hospitals to multiply because the field projects 10-year job growth at 15 percent.

2. Teaching Hospitals Provide Higher Salaries to Medical Coders and Billers

In comparison to several other healthcare settings, teaching hospitals grant above-average salaries to their medical billing and coding staff. According to the AAPC 2015 Salary Survey, medical billers and coders make $ 50,925 on average at inpatient teaching hospitals. That’s more than the $ 44,870 at mid-sized medical groups and $ 45,722 at independent physician offices. Teaching hospitals on the Pacific Coast from Hawaii to Washington report the highest medical coding and billing salaries nationwide at $ 57,021. Landing a job at a teaching hospital can considerably pad your paycheck, especially if overtime is offered. Due to their large size, teaching hospitals are also more likely to hire clinical coding directors with lucrative salaries.

3. Medical Billers and Coders Benefit from Learning Support

Teaching hospitals offer an academic-focused work environment where cutting-edge education and research is prioritized. Medical coding and billing jobs may require less post-graduation employment experience because on-the-job training is included. Teaching hospitals encourage staff to sharpen their skills with continuing education. For instance, Rush University Medical Center provides full-time employees with $ 5,000 in tuition assistance each year. This makes attending college online or during evenings more affordable. Medical coders and billers in teaching hospitals also join an active research community. Teaching hospitals receive approximately $ 2.2 billion in NIH research funding annually. Therefore, the HIM department will continually search for the latest tech advancements to streamline medical coding and billing.

4. Teaching Hospitals Require Extra Vigilance in Medical Coding and Billing

Being careful and attaining high accuracy is important for every medical coder. But those employed in teaching hospitals often have extra responsibility in checking over patient records. Teaching hospitals always experience new rotations of interns and residents who are unfamiliar with record protocols. New waves of med school students can mean patient records accessed by coders and billers are less orderly. One study found 10 percent reduced mortality risk at teaching hospitals, so they don’t compromise quality of care. However, clinical documentation can get muddled in the process. Teaching hospitals may hire experienced coders and billers to conduct medical auditing. Pursuing the AAPC’s Certified Professional Medical Auditor (CPMA) credential would come in handy here.

5. Medical Coders and Billers Frequently Process Larger Claims in Teaching Hospitals

Teaching hospitals typically charge more for medical services because they treat higher acuity patients with complex conditions. Funds are also included for the hospital’s research and academic instruction. For example, George Washington University Hospital charges $ 69,000 on average for lower joint replacement. Sibley Memorial Hospital, a nearby community hospital, charged under $ 30,000 in comparison. Medical coders and billers must be prepared to figure the dollar signs with higher hospital rates. Considerable time will be devoted to coding for diagnostic tests because teaching hospitals order 7.1 percent more tests than their non-academic counterparts. Medical billing specialists should be aware that teaching hospitals are largely urban and accommodate vast numbers of Medicaid or uninsured patients.

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Medical Errors – What You Need To Know

Errors are inevitable in life. However, these can be avoided and prevented. Definitely, no one wants to experience the consequences of mistakes, most especially those that have significant implications such as medical errors.

Medical errors happen when anything that was planned does not progress as it should. These can happen anywhere in the health care system such as in clinics, hospitals, pharmacies, patients’ homes, doctors’ offices, and outpatient surgery centers. Moreover, these can involve diagnosis, laboratory reports, medicines, equipment, and even surgery. As such, these can practically happen to anyone, at anytime, and anywhere.

However, there are some precautionary measures that can be observed in order to prevent these from happening. Medical errors are not so easy to correct because these entail significant outcomes and results. In fact, these can even lead to injury and death. Thus, because of the degree of the seriousness of the consequences of medical discrepancies, purchasers of group health care, physicians, health care providers, government agencies, and medical practitioners are working together to ensure a safer health care system for everyone.

On the other hand, there are some instances when you are just on your own, and you need to protect yourself against medical discrepancies. Moreover, it is most important to be aware of these things in order to know how to appropriately react when confronted with such situations.

One of the most practical ways of protecting yourself from these discrepancies is by becoming an active member of your health care team. According to research, people who are involved in their health care are more likely to achieve better results. After all, the more involved you get, the more informed you become.

By being active in your health care team, you can interact with your doctors and health care providers constantly and keep records updated. It is important to make sure that your doctor knows about everything that you are taking; whether these are prescription medicines, dietary supplements, herbs, and vitamins. Moreover, it is also necessary to inform your doctor about allergies and adverse reactions that you may have on particular medicines. You also need to provide all health professionals that are involved all the necessary information about you.

One of the causes of medical errors sometimes is incorrect or incomplete information. Thus, in order to protect yourself from such, you should give the correct and complete health information that medical practitioners may need from you. It also pays to ask questions from time to time, most especially on the type of medicine that you are being prescribed of, or the type of medical procedure that you might be advised to undergo.

In addition, reliable and efficient medical supplies are also solutions to medical discrepancies. You may not totally agree to this, but most cases of inappropriate diagnosis are attributed to faulty medical equipment and devices. While these should be the lookout of medical practitioners too, it is also very important to ensure that equipment and apparatus are functioning properly, and are giving the correct information.

Basically, all these ways of protecting yourself against medical errors boil down to being aware and keeping others informed. With the proper information and communication, these can be minimized, and eventually eliminated.

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Know the Difference Between Medicare and Medicaid NCCI Edits

Follow the correct edit to promote payment and avoid denial. By Samantha Prince, BSHCM, COC, CPC, CPMA National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) edits for Medicare and Medicaid are not the same. If you’re following Medicare edits for Medicaid claims, you may have claims denying inappropriately. That’s missed revenue you could capture by applying the correct […]
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